Feb 14
acne treatment

Acne is treated by improved diet. Drinking lots of water and fluid. Eliminating high refined sugar and carbohydrates from the diet. Avoiding touching your face with your hands. Avoiding using heavy makeup on your face. This allows the pores to breathe and not purposefully cover them with make up.

Having bad acne can affect one's self-esteem. This is especially true for boys and girls who are ages 11 through 18.

This is a crucial time in a child's development because they are taking the final steps into adulthood. They are also forming their self image and having a clear face is a big part of having a good level of confidence. 

Of course it is perfectly normal for a teenager to have confidence. However, teenagers tend to expand the importance of small issues and make them very large issues.

Having work at juvenile Hall for over 20 years, Dwayne Wilkins, a juvenile hall veteran says, "A teenager with lots of pimples can withdraw from being social."

It's not surprising that teenagers and even adults can be badly affected by severe acne. "I have had really bad acne since I was 13 years old." Says Mary Fitzgerald, a 35-year-old secretary, living in San Francisco.  I have always had to deal with it. And it has been very tough. I'm sure that I have lost boyfriends along the way as a result."

"Frankly, I think I am better for it." Says Marjorie Simpson. "Having really bad acne made me see people for who they are. And it allowed me to see if somebody was really seeing me for who I am. We all are such visual people. But being focused on how someone looks means that you will miss learning and experiencing who they are as people. And that's a shame."

When I asked Marjorie if having bad acne affected her in the eyes of men or women? She said, "Men just see your face. Women judge you. Which I think is far meaner. Because if men aren't attracted to you they will at least give you a chance to be friends. Women who are stuck on that never see beyond the fact that you are somehow scarred in their eyes."

Prof. John Holloway, professor of psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, says that, "Having bad acne can really affect your personal development. And as parents we have to be mindful of the impact of severe acne if we have a child who has it. We have to do things to support not only them trying to solve the problem of having bad acne but also supporting them psychologically with their self-esteem.

And this is not just for girls it is also for boys as well. The bottom line is we all need support. And when something is out of the ordinary kids tend to internalize it and it can scar them for the rest of their lives. And that's where parents have to step in and really bolster their self-esteem and confidence."

You would think that people would be better adjusted with dealing with acne. It is reported by the Centers for Disease Control that  90% of all teenagers have some degree of acne.  "In many ways it is a rite of passage. The pimple faced teenager with braces," says Prof. Holloway.

But for those that have severe acne it can be debilitating. It can be psychologically scarring. And it is definitely something that you must learn to deal with if your outbreaks are extremely severe.

"I know a girl who has such severe acne that she has literally red and black marks all over her face. I feel so sad for her because wherever she goes people stop and look at her. It has to be very difficult to go through the day and know that everyone who passes you will stop and stare at you." Says Jimmy Williams, a 10 grader, living in San Jose California. 

When asked how that girl is doing in school,  Williams says, "she is a really good student. I guess she has had to learn to focus more on the content of her character and not the beauty of her face."

It would be nice if people could see people as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. would have wanted all people to be judged. By the content of their character and not the beauty of their face.

Believe it or not there are support groups for kids and adults with severe acne. You would be surprised how many support groups and for which segments there are for people to choose. There are young women's groups, young men's groups, adult men's groups and adult women's groups. There are even coed groups for people to deal with the psychological issues and get psychological support.

"It's always good to be with people who are similar to you. Who have to same challenges but also the same dreams to be excepted for who they are." Says Prof. Holloway.

"Do you support groups provide an important life line for people living with severe acne. And they do some pretty remarkable things to help support each other. I know of one group where if one person is feeling down, they can call someone in the group for emotional support."

"This is fantastic because you never know when one day you will be feeling great about yourself and then the next day you don't. Having someone that you can call who knows what you are going through is very very helpful. It is also very reassuring."

"Really, it just depends on who you want to be." Says Fitzgerald. "If you let the parents get in the way of your happiness, then your desire to be happy isn't that strong. As for me, I refuse to let my acne get in the way of me being happy. Either the people that I am with will learn to except me for who I am, or they are not my friends to begin with. And I do not waste my time with people who are not for me 100%."

Acne terms

There are many forms of acne. Below is a list of terms and acne symptoms that will help you describe the actor you are experiencing.

Acne aestivalis. This is a special form of acne that presents itself with multiple, red and uniform lesions. It occurs primarily after long exposure in the sun.

Acne congoblata. This is a highly inflammatory skin condition that has draining pus, abscesses, and nodules.  This type of acting appears mainly in men and is associated with high levels of testosterone. It is also seeing a man who abuse anabolic steroids. For those that do not use anabolic steroids, it persists usually for a long time tapering off when the person turns 45. It is very common between the ages of 18 to 31.

Acne cosmetica. This is acne that is caused by cosmetic products such as foundations, eyeliner, skin creams and lotions. It occurs because these products typically clog up the pores causing ridges and bumps. It was a particular problem in the 1970s for dermatologist but through their advocacy and advancements in cosmetic testing this type of acne has subsided greatly in the general population.

Acne Fulminans. This form of acne is the result of the unsuccessful treatment of acne conglobata.  It's is attributed to high levels of P acnes antigens  in the auto immune system. This is an extremely rare disease and has been subsiding because of improved and widespread treatment of acne.

Cystic acne.  Occurring primarily in adolescence, this very common skin disease presents itself with scaly red skin, large papules, black and white heads, pimples, and possible scarring.  This occurs in proximately 85 to 95% of all teenagers. There are much less numbers of teenagers with acne in remote and rural communities. It is said to affect over 565 million people every year.

Acne necrotica. This primary bump is a lesion that sometimes it's painful and heels with a noticeable scar.

Acne halogen. This acne is caused by iodides and bromides eventually erupt. It is basically a chemical reaction on the skin.

Acme keloidalis nuchae. This acne is particularly damaging because it is when the hair follicle almost is completely enveloped under the skin. There is a raised bump in this condition and it is very difficult to locate the hair follicle to release The hair. It occurs primarily in Black man either on the lower part of the hairline or more commonly on their face and neck. Blackman have a particularly difficult time with the shaving process as this form of acne is the result which is caused by the shaving blade.

Black men often cut your hair very low which is the perfect set up for the hair to then back or band into a open poor. This is the beginning stages of the Acme process as this becomes an ingrown hair which creates inflammation and a bump that ultimately swallows and surrounds the hair follicle.

Some women will get this form of Acne as a result of shaving their inner thighs and pubic area. And it is thus the reason why some women prefer to remove the hair in their pubic, inner thighs, legs, arms and face with a wax treatment as opposed to shaving.

The wax treatment actually surrounds the hair follicle and upon a quick and explosive removal actually rips the hair follicle deep within the poor. This diminishes the possibility of developing acne as a result of the hair follicle double backing or sticking into an open poor that's causing acne.

Acne with facial edema. This form of Acne And occurs just below the eyes, around the nose, cheek and upper lip area. 

Acne miliaris necrotica. This form of acne is also one that is dependent upon a hair follicle which has double back into a poor. Unlike Acme keloidalis nuchae this form of acne occurs in one solitary poor. It is the result of one solitary hair going back into the poor and causing inflammation. It is not to be confused with Acme keloidalis nuchae which can affect an entire region of the face, neck, pubic area, back of the neck.

Moles.  Melanocrytic Nevus.  Commonly known as moles this is a lesion that is characterized by a darker discoloration and often times a raised area over the skin. Most malls are B9 however the presence of moles can be an indication of a higher risk of skin melanoma. A mall can be under the skin or a darker growth on top of the skin. Celebrities who have had noticeable moles have been Marilyn Monroe,  Robert De Niro,  Jennifer Lopez, Cindy Crawford, Ben AFLAC, Mariah Carey, Kelly Rowland, Julio Iglesias, Sarah Jessica Parker, Rod Stewart, Rihanna. 

Fortunately cosmetic surgery can remove a particularly noticeable mole. This is a common procedure for people who have a particularly large mole on their face.

Electrodesiccation and curettage

Another common cause of acne is stress. Often times, teenagers are under a great deal of stress from social peer pressure, academic stress, and sometimes conflict with their parents or siblings. Learning how to manage the stress can be helpful in eliminating one potential source of bad acne. Although stress is often ignored it can be a contributing factor toward increased acne breakouts.

Psychological effects
Of course, there are psychological effects to having that acne. It usually affects teenagers, both boys and girls, who are maturing during adolescence.

There are typically two different types of Acne:  Whiteheads and blackheads.

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